This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a vital or theoretical source that is secondary.
Generally speaking, the lens should expose one thing concerning the original or “target” text that could never be otherwise obvious. Instead, your analysis may phone the credibility associated with the arguments associated with the lens piece into concern, expand the arguments associated with lens text, or provoke various other reevaluation associated with the two texts. In either case, you are producing a crucial “dialogue between texts.”
Reading the Texts
You read them is crucial since you will eventually want to hone in on points of commonality and discord between the two texts, the order and manner in which.
First, read the lens text to spot the core that is author’s and language. Since theoretical or critical texts are usually thick and complex, it could be useful to develop an overview for the author’s points that are primary. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, a very important lens essay will “grapple with main tips” of this lens text, instead of coping with remote quotes that will or is almost certainly not indicative associated with the author’s argument all together. As a result, it is crucial to ensure that you certainly comprehend and that can articulate the author’s details before continuing to your target text.
Then, quickly browse the target text to produce a basic concept of its content. Then, think about: Where do I see basic points of disagreement or agreement between your two texts? Which of this lens text’s primary arguments could be employed into the target text? It might be better to consider a couple of regarding the lens text’s central arguments.
By using these a few ideas at heart, go back and see the target text very very carefully, through the lens that is theoretical wondering the next concerns: do you know the primary aspects of the lens text and what exactly are their complementary components into the target text? How can I apply the lens author’s vocabulary that is theoretical logic to circumstances when you look at the target text? Is there instances where in actuality the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? Exactly why is this? It really is beneficial to keep a careful, written record of page numbers, quotes, along with your thoughts and responses while you read.
Because this variety of paper relates to a synthesis that is complex of sources, it really is particularly essential to own an obvious course of action before beginning composing. It may help to cluster quotes or occasions by subject material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or else change the arguments within the lens text. Hopefully, typical themes, some ideas, and arguments will start to emerge and you will begin drafting!
Composing the Introduction and Thesis
As your paper involves the complex interactions between numerous texts, it is vital to explain what you should be doing the introduction. Be sure to obviously introduce the lens text and its own arguments that are specific will undoubtedly be using or assessing. Then introduce the target text and its particular themes that are specific activities you’ll be handling in your analysis.
These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some type or types of thesis declaration. Though there are not any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, verify it states the points of connection you’re going to be speaking about, and describes exactly what your critical or theoretical analysis associated with target text reveals in regards to the texts.
Composing the human body
The body is when you use particular arguments through the lens text to quotes that are specific circumstances within the target text. In each full instance, remember to talk about just exactly what the lens text reveals concerning the target text (or vice versa). Make use of the lens text’s language and rational framework to examine the goal text, but ensure that you be clear about where ideas when you look at the paper are coming from (the lens text, the mark text, your personal interpretation etc.) and so the reader does not be confused.
By payforpapers.net coupon participating in this particular analysis, you will be “entering a conversation that is academic and inserting your personal ideas. As this might be unquestionably easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may show of good use. Inside their guide, they state, I state, the authors construct numerous templates to simply help authors practice unknown types of critical educational discourse. They encourage pupils to utilize the templates in virtually any capability they find helpful, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or with them as an entry that is analytical, then discarding them totally.
right Here we modify their template that is basic say ________. I say ________.), to produce lens templates that are essay-specific help you to get started:
The writer of this lens text lays out a helpful framework for understanding cases of ________ in the mark text. Certainly, within the target text, one sees that is______, that could be looked at a typical example of ________ by the lens author’s meaning. Consequently, we come across a spot of commonality _____ that is concerning__. This similarity reveals ________.
Based on the lens text _______ tends that occurs in situations where _______. By the lens author’s meaning, ________ in the mark text might be considered a case of _______. Nonetheless, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________.
One sees ________ in the mark text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.
In the event that writer of the lens text is proper that ________, one could be prepared to see ________ in the mark text. Nevertheless, ________ really occurs, revealing a crucial point of disagreement. This discord implies that ________. This dilemma is crucial because ________.
Wrapping Things up and Drawing Conclusions
The texts address by this point in your essay, you should be drawing conclusions regarding what your lens analysis reveals about the texts in questions, or the broader issues. Make sure to explain why these discoveries are very important for the control by which you are composing. This means that, that which was the purpose of undertaking your analysis when you look at the beginning? Happy lens writing!
Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.
Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, They State, I State. (Ny: W. W. Norton & Business, 2007), 2-3.